Upper School (5th-8th)


This age’s distinguishing cognitive capacity is to experience meaning or to understand. These students love to argue from a point of view (have you noticed?!) Students at this stage are guided by the educator posing essential questions, which promotes key habits of deeper thought, including: organizing, comparing and contrasting, conducting research, ordering ideas, and writing from another’s perspective. This approach comes to include an introduction to the elements of argumentation, formal logic and debate. Students are trained in creating written exposition that is organized, carefully worded and informed. There are three cognitive goals in this stage of learning: 1) Prioritizing and summarizing details by identifying the few, key elements that define the content, 2) Identifying similarities and differences through comparing and contrasting key ideas and essential details, 3) Making and evaluating inferences based on partial evidence and prior knowledge.